BYRON BAY, Australia — The ethical quandaries of life as an Instagram influencer within the famously idyllic city of Byron Bay usually are not misplaced on Ruby Tuesday Matthews.

Ms. Matthews, 27, peddles greater than vegan moisturizers, probiotic powders and conflict-free diamonds to her 228,000 followers. She can also be promoting an enviable way of life set towards the backdrop of her Australian hometown’s crystalline coves and umbrellaed poolsides.

It’s a part of the image-making that has helped rework Byron Bay — for higher or worse — from a sleepy seaside city drawing surfers and hippies right into a globally famend vacation spot for the prosperous and digitally savvy.

“I do type of have moments the place I’m like, ‘Am I exploiting this city that I reside in?” Ms. Matthews mentioned not too long ago as she sat at The Farm, a sprawling agritourism enterprise that embodies the city’s wellness ethos. “However on the identical time, it’s my job. It places meals on the desk for my kids.”

The tensions between leveraging and defending Byron Bay’s status, at all times simmering on this age of entrepreneurial social media, exploded final month when Netflix introduced plans for a actuality present, “Byron Baes,” that can comply with “scorching Instagrammers residing their greatest lives.”

Native residents mentioned the present can be a tawdry misrepresentation of the city and demanded that Netflix cancel the venture. One lady began a petition drive that has gathered greater than 9,000 signatures and arranged a “paddle out” — a surfer’s memorial normally reserved for commemorating deaths — in revolt.

A number of retailer house owners, lots of whom have substantial Instagram presences, have refused permits that might enable Netflix to document on their premises. Numerous influencers who have been approached by the present additionally mentioned that they had determined not to participate.

Amongst them was Ms. Mathews, who went by the preliminary filming and interview course of however later bowed out. “Byron isn’t a joke,” Ms. Matthews mentioned, carrying the stonewashed denims and chunky ice-blue knit that she had advertised on Instagram that morning. “They’re principally branding our city.”

The backlash has raised questions on who’s entitled to regulate and capitalize on the cult of Byron Bay, a spot now identified for its sluggish and escapist way of life, the place the bohemian has been glossed right into a unified jungalow aesthetic of tasseled umbrellas, woven lanterns, linen clothes and unique crops.

Some argued that the truth present would concentrate on a sliver of influencers whose picture-perfect presences on Instagram don’t signify the “actual” Byron Bay. In doing so, they mentioned, the present would expose the city to unwelcome outsiders.

“What proper have they got to use, model, Byron?” mentioned Tess Corridor, a filmmaker who moved to Byron Bay in 2015 and arranged the petition and paddle out. She added that she feared the present would draw “the incorrect sort of individual” to the area and share the city’s secret seaside spots with the remainder of the world.

“We’re not Venice Seashore,” she mentioned. “It’s a special vibe.”

Others mentioned they nervous {that a} mere portrayal of Byron Bay as a shallow social gathering city would make it come true.

“Personally, I’ve nothing towards influencers,” mentioned Ben Gordon, who runs The Byron Bay Basic Retailer, a “principally plant-based” and oft-Instagrammed brunch spot, which was initially concerned within the present earlier than he withdrew it.

“It’s a few city being perceived in a very false approach,” added Mr. Gordon, who has greater than 80,000 Instagram followers between his private and retailer feeds. “My largest worry is that the present will turn out to be self-fulfilling.”

To some, although, the pushback towards the truth collection smacks of elitism and hypocrisy, and is finally futile and even counterproductive, because the protests and ensuing media protection have given it free publicity.

“It’s absurd and ridiculous to assume folks can management how Byron is, or isn’t, represented,” mentioned Michael Murray, a purchaser’s agent who has spent greater than three a long time within the area. “It not belongs to a sure clique.”

Netflix has disregarded the criticism, saying it’s going forward with manufacturing of a present that it mentioned can be “genuine and sincere.”

Que Minh Luu, the director of content material for Netflix Australia and New Zealand, mentioned in an emailed assertion that “our objective is to raise the curtain on influencer tradition to grasp the motivation, the will and the ache behind this very human should be cherished.”

Earlier than the city was ever graced with its first string of coronary heart emojis, earlier than the growth of the Seventies and ’80s or the sooner inflow of surfers and people in search of another way of life, Byron Bay was a quiet whaling city on Australia’s east coast, 100 miles south of Brisbane.

Wategos Seashore — the place properties can promote for greater than $17 million — was a steep hill with only a few households, together with the Wategos, a South Sea Islander household who farmed bananas and, later, ran a seaside kiosk promoting thick shakes and hamburgers.

“It was heaven,” mentioned Susie Beckers, 60, a descendant of the household, sitting on the waterfront as she watched an area surf competitors, her grandson taking part in within the sand. “Nobody actually needed to reside right here,” she added of the beachfront actual property, “as a result of it was to date out.”

The kiosk has since been reworked right into a luxurious restaurant and lodge, Raes on Wategos, the place an evening in a penthouse suite can price greater than $2,500.

The median home worth in Byron Bay is $1.8 million, making it the costliest place in Australia and virtually as costly because the Hollywood Hills in California. Chris Hemsworth and Zac Efron have moved to town.

Byron Bay’s fast development is a risk to the values it holds expensive, some residents say.

The city, mentioned Mandy Nolan, an area author, has turn out to be a case research in what occurs when a culture of localism is marketed on a world scale. “Our values of sustainability have powered a market of unsustainability,” she mentioned. “Byron has turn out to be a sufferer of its personal model.”

The inequality within the city is stark. Hospitality employees, academics and nurses have been pushed out of city or, worse, into homelessness. The city, with a everlasting inhabitants of below 10,000 folks, has the nation’s highest fee of homelessness after Sydney, according to a recent government street count.

Alongside the coast, some folks sleep in tent shantytowns within the sand dunes and bushes, whereas others — lots of them in secure employment — transfer between short-term lodging, pals’ couches and their vehicles.

John Stephenson, a 67-year-old therapeutic massage therapist, has spent a number of years residing out of his station wagon. “It’s embarrassing,” he mentioned as he gathered belongings from a storage unit earlier than transferring into short-term lodging. “I don’t seem like a bum, however I really feel like one.”

In different components of city, although, the phantasm stays intact.

One balmy night on the Cape Byron Lighthouse, a person wearing a feathered fedora, a bolo tie and neck-to-ankle denim was photographing two of his kids selecting flowers. He was so consumed with capturing the second that he didn’t discover that his third youngster, sitting behind him, was susceptible to falling down the hill.

A girl with a yoga mat slung over her shoulder shouted to him. The lady, Lucia Wang, had simply moved to Byron Bay the earlier night. She had come, she mentioned, for the city’s magnificence and therapeutic properties.

“The very first thing you should do is simply go to the ocean and have a swim,” she mentioned. “All the pieces can be OK.”