LaGRANGE, Ga. — Lonnie Hollis has been a member of the Troup County election board in West Georgia since 2013. A Democrat and certainly one of two Black girls on the board, she has advocated Sunday voting, helped voters on Election Days and pushed for a brand new precinct location at a Black church in a close-by city.

However this yr, Ms. Hollis shall be faraway from the board, the results of an area election legislation signed by Gov. Brian Kemp, a Republican. Beforehand, election board members have been chosen by each political events, county commissioners and the three greatest municipalities in Troup County. Now, the G.O.P.-controlled county fee has the only authority to restructure the board and appoint all the brand new members.

“I communicate out and I do know the legal guidelines,” Ms. Hollis mentioned in an interview. “The underside line is that they don’t like people who have some sort of intelligence and know what they’re doing, as a result of they know they will’t affect them.”

Ms. Hollis just isn’t alone. Throughout Georgia, members of at the very least 10 county election boards have been eliminated, had their place eradicated or are prone to be kicked off by way of native ordinances or new legal guidelines handed by the state legislature. A minimum of 5 are folks of shade and most are Democrats — although some are Republicans — and they’re going to probably all get replaced by Republicans.

Ms. Hollis and native officers like her have been a few of the earliest casualties as Republican-led legislatures mount an expansive takeover of election administration in a raft of recent voting payments this yr.

G.O.P. lawmakers have additionally stripped secretaries of state of their energy, asserted extra management over state election boards, made it simpler to overturn election outcomes, and pursued a number of partisan audits and inspections of 2020 outcomes.

Republican state lawmakers have launched at the very least 216 payments in 41 states to provide legislatures extra energy over elections officers, based on the States United Democracy Center, a brand new bipartisan group that goals to guard democratic norms. Of these, 24 have been enacted into legislation throughout 14 states.

G.O.P. lawmakers in Georgia say the brand new measures are meant to improve the performance of local boards, and scale back the affect of the political events. However the legal guidelines permit Republicans to take away native officers they don’t like, and since a number of of them have been Black Democrats, voting rights teams concern that these are additional makes an attempt to disenfranchise voters of shade.

The maneuvers threat eroding a few of the core checks that stood as a bulwark towards former President Donald J. Trump as he sought to subvert the 2020 election outcomes. Had these payments been in place throughout the aftermath of the election, Democrats say, they’d have considerably added to the turmoil Mr. Trump and his allies wrought by making an attempt to overturn the result. They fear that proponents of Mr. Trump’s conspiracy theories will quickly have a lot larger management over the levers of the American elections system.

“It’s a thinly veiled try to wrest management from officers who oversaw one of the vital safe elections in our historical past and put it within the fingers of unhealthy actors,” mentioned Jena Griswold, the chairwoman of the Democratic Affiliation of Secretaries of State and the present Colorado secretary of state. “The chance is the destruction of democracy.”

Officers like Ms. Hollis are accountable for selections like choosing drop field and precinct places, sending out voter notices, establishing early voting hours and certifying elections. However the brand new legal guidelines are concentrating on high-level state officers as properly, particularly secretaries of state — each Republican and Democratic — who stood as much as Mr. Trump and his allies final yr.

Republicans in Arizona have introduced a bill that might largely strip Katie Hobbs, the Democratic secretary of state, of her authority over election lawsuits, after which expire when she leaves workplace. They usually have launched one other invoice that might give the Legislature extra energy over setting the rules for election administration, a serious activity at the moment carried out by the secretary of state.

Beneath Georgia’s new voting law, Republicans considerably weakened the secretary of state’s workplace after Brad Raffensperger, a Republican who’s the present secretary, rebuffed Mr. Trump’s demands to “discover” votes. They eliminated the secretary of state because the chair of the state election board and relieved the workplace of its voting authority on the board.

Kansas Republicans in Might overrode a veto from Gov. Laura Kelly, a Democrat, to enact legal guidelines stripping the governor of the facility to switch election legal guidelines and prohibiting the secretary of state, a Republican who repeatedly vouched for the security of voting by mail, from settling election-related lawsuits with out the Legislature’s consent.

And extra Republicans who cling to Mr. Trump’s election lies are running for secretary of state, placing a crucial workplace inside attain of conspiracy theorists. In Georgia, Consultant Jody Hice, a Republican who voted towards certifying President Biden’s victory, is running against Mr. Raffensperger. Republican candidates with related views are working for secretary of state in Nevada, Arizona and Michigan.

“In nearly each state, each election administrator goes to really feel like they’re beneath the magnifying glass,” mentioned Victoria Bassetti, a senior adviser to the States United Democracy Middle.

Extra instantly, it’s native election officers on the county and municipal stage who’re being both eliminated or stripped of their energy.

In Arkansas, Republicans have been stung final yr when Jim Sorvillo, a three-term state consultant from Little Rock, misplaced re-election by 24 votes to Ashley Hudson, a Democrat and native lawyer. Elections officers in Pulaski County, which incorporates Little Rock, have been later discovered to have accidentally tabulated 327 absentee ballots throughout the vote-counting course of, 27 of which got here from the district.

Mr. Sorvillo filed a number of lawsuits aiming to cease Ms. Hudson from being seated, and all were rejected. The Republican caucus thought-about refusing to seat Ms. Hudson, then ultimately voted to accept her.

However final month, Arkansas Republicans wrote new laws that enables a state board of election commissioners — composed of six Republicans and one Democrat — to analyze and “institute corrective motion” on all kinds of points at each stage of the voting course of, from registration to the casting and counting of ballots to the certification of elections. The legislation applies to all counties, however it’s broadly believed to be aimed toward Pulaski, one of many few within the state that favor Democrats.

The writer of the laws, State Consultant Mark Lowery, a Republican from a suburb of Little Rock, mentioned it was essential to take away election energy from the native authorities, who in Pulaski County are Democrats, as a result of in any other case Republicans couldn’t get a good shake.

“With out this laws, the one entity you may have referred impropriety to is the prosecuting legal professional, who’s a Democrat, and presumably not had something completed,” Mr. Lowery mentioned in an interview. “This provides one other stage of investigative authority to a board that’s commissioned by the state to supervise elections.”

Requested about final yr’s election, Mr. Lowery mentioned, “I do imagine Donald Trump was elected president.”

A separate new Arkansas law permits a state board to “take over and conduct elections” in a county if a committee of the legislature determines that there are questions concerning the “look of an equal, free and neutral election.”

In Georgia, the legislature handed a novel legislation for some counties. For Troup County, State Consultant Randy Nix, a Republican, mentioned he had launched the invoice that restructured the county election board — and can take away Ms. Hollis — solely after it was requested by county commissioners. He mentioned he was not apprehensive that the fee, a partisan physique with 4 Republicans and one Democrat, might exert affect over elections.

“The commissioners are all elected officers and can face the voters to reply for his or her actions,” Mr. Nix mentioned in an e mail.

Eric Mosley, the county supervisor for Troup County, which Mr. Trump carried by 22 factors, mentioned that the choice to ask Mr. Nix for the invoice was meant to make the board extra bipartisan. It was unanimously supported by the fee.

“We felt that eradicating each the Republican and Democratic illustration and simply really select members of the neighborhood that make investments laborious to serve these neighborhood members was the true intent of the board,” Mr. Mosley mentioned. “Our objective is to create each political and racial variety on the board.”

In Morgan County, east of Atlanta, Helen Butler has been one of the state’s most prominent Democratic voices on voting rights and election administration. A member of the county board of elections in a rural, Republican county, she additionally runs the Georgia Coalition for the Individuals’s Agenda, a bunch devoted to defending the voting rights of Black Individuals and growing their civic engagement.

However Ms. Butler shall be faraway from the county board on the finish of the month, after Mr. Kemp signed an area invoice that ended the flexibility of political events to nominate members.

“I feel it’s all part of the ploy for the takeover of native boards of elections that the state legislature has put in place,” Ms. Butler mentioned. “It’s them saying that they’ve the correct to say whether or not an election official is doing it proper, when the truth is they don’t work within the daily and don’t perceive the method themselves.”

It’s not simply Democrats who’re being eliminated. In DeKalb County, the state’s fourth-largest, Republicans selected to not renominate Baoky Vu to the election board after greater than 12 years within the place. Mr. Vu, a Republican, had joined with Democrats in a letter opposing an election-related invoice that finally did not cross.

To interchange Mr. Vu, Republicans nominated Paul Maner, a well known native conservative with a historical past of false statements, together with an insinuation that the son of a Georgia congresswoman was killed in “a drug deal gone unhealthy.”

Again in LaGrange, Ms. Hollis is making an attempt to do as a lot as she will be able to within the time she has left on the board. The additional precinct in close by Hogansville, the place the inhabitants is roughly 50 p.c Black, is a high precedence. Whereas its inhabitants is barely about 3,000, the city is bifurcated by a rail line, and Ms. Hollis mentioned that typically it could actually take an exceedingly very long time for a line of freight vehicles to clear, which is problematic on Election Days.

“We’ve been engaged on this for over a yr,” Ms. Hollis mentioned, saying Republicans had thrown up procedural hurdles to dam the method. However she was undeterred.

“I’m not going to sit down there and wait so that you can inform me what it’s that I that I ought to do for the voters there,” she mentioned. “I’m going to do the correct factor.”

Rachel Shorey contributed analysis.